), officially the City of Chicago, is the third-most populous city in the United States.With over 2.7 million residents, it is also the most populous city in both the state of Illinois and the Midwestern United States. The Chicago metropolitan area, often referred to as Chicagoland, has nearly 10 million people and is the third-largest in the United States.These issues also helped propel another Illinoisan, Abraham Lincoln, to the national stage.
The canal allowed steamboats and sailing ships on the Great Lakes to connect to the Mississippi River.
In the 1850s, Chicago gained national political prominence as the home of Senator Stephen Douglas, the champion of the Kansas–Nebraska Act and the "popular sovereignty" approach to the issue of the spread of slavery.
On June 15, 1835, the first public land sales began with Edmund Dick Taylor as U. the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States.
Chicago's first railway, Galena and Chicago Union Railroad, and the Illinois and Michigan Canal opened in 1848.
Chicago's flourishing economy attracted huge numbers of new immigrants from Europe and migrants from the Eastern United States.
Of the total population in 1900, more than 77% were either foreign-born or born in the United States of foreign parentage.
when we arrived at the said place called "Chicagou" which, according to what we were able to learn of it, has taken this name because of the quantity of garlic which grows in the forests in this region. In 1795, following the Northwest Indian War, an area that was to be part of Chicago was turned over to the United States for a military post by native tribes in accordance with the Treaty of Greenville.
In 1803, the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, which was destroyed in 1812 in the Battle of Fort Dearborn and later rebuilt.
He defeated Douglas in the general election, and this set the stage for the American Civil War.