Dating quaternary events by luminescence dating hallmarks

The first three of these can be referred to collectively as the Precambrian supereon.

Eons are divided into eras, which are in turn divided into periods, epochs and ages.

In the late 17th century Nicholas Steno (1638–1686) pronounced the principles underlying geologic (geological) time scales.

The geologic time scale (GTS) is a system of chronological dating that relates geological strata (stratigraphy) to time.

It is used by geologists, paleontologists, and other Earth scientists to describe the timing and relationships of events that have occurred during Earth's history.

Other subdivisions reflect the evolution of life; the Archean and Proterozoic are both eons, the Palaeozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic are eras of the Phanerozoic eon.

The three million year Quaternary period, the time of recognizable humans, is too small to be visible at this scale.

Therefore, the second timeline shows an expanded view of the most recent eon.

In a similar way, the most recent era is expanded in the third timeline, and the most recent period is expanded in the fourth timeline.

The existence, timing, and terrestrial effects of the Late Heavy Bombardment is still debated.

In Ancient Greece, Aristotle (384-322 BCE) observed that fossils of seashells in rocks resembled those found on beaches – he inferred that the fossils in rocks were formed by living animals, and he reasoned that the positions of land and sea had changed over long periods of time.

For example, the lower Jurassic Series in chronostratigraphy corresponds to the early Jurassic Epoch in geochronology.

The adjectives are capitalized when the subdivision is formally recognized, and lower case when not; thus "early Miocene" but "Early Jurassic." Evidence from radiometric dating indicates that Earth is about 4.54 billion years old.

In East Asia and Siberia, the same unit is split into Alexian, Atdabanian, and Botomian stages.

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