As first President of the Republic shouldn’t he have known better the real purpose of the United States of America in entering the Spanish- American War in the Philippines?
Additional note: Source Imperial San Francisco by Gray Brechin (1999) On Spanish-American War …Whipped on by a hysterical press led by William Randolph Hearst’s newspapers in San Francisco and New York, Congress unanimously voted millions for war preparations.
“On the 4th July the first United States military expedition arrived, under command of General Anderson, and it was quartered in Cavite Arsenal.
News of the victory galvanized the United States with patriotic fervor.
It also gave the nation its first overseas colony – a group of islands that few Americans could locate on the map…. Before the climate change, July in the Philippines has been the beginning of the wet or rainy season.
With this object in view I sent a Commission to inform the Admiral of the arrangement and invite him to be present on the occasion of the formal proclamation of Independence, a ceremony which was solemnly and impressively conducted.
“The Dictatorial Government decided that the proclamation of Independence should take place on the 12th June, the ceremony in connection therewith to be held in the town of Kawit.
Though no proof could be found that Spain was guilty of the act, President William Mc Kinley on April 25 ratified the congressional declaration of war.
…Within five days , Admiral George Dewey fired the opening salvo at the antipode of Havana.
Within three months, the war was virtually over and the United States an acknowledged imperial power with a new forward garrison on China’s doorstep. It used to be the time to plant the seeds and prepare for the coming of the big storm.
Unknown to most, the Navy Department had planned the seizure of the Philippines two years before Gridley was ready to fire. Long time passing, Where have all the graveyards gone? Covered with flowers every one, When will we ever learn? Was it coincidence or is it deeply in our people’s mindset that “planting of seeds” of historic events do happen in July? Cooper of Wisconsin, and entitled “An Act Temporarily to Provide for the Administration of the Affairs of Civil Government in the Philippine Islands, and for other Purposes.” Among its key provisions were: a bill of rights for the Filipinos; the appointment of two Filipino resident commissioners to represent the Philippines in the United States Congress but without voting rights; the establishment of a Philippine Assembly to be elected by the Filipinos two years after the publication of a census and only after peace had been completely restored in the country.
Shot in five different cities, Lindbergh asked 14 famed actresses to participate in his vision—Jessica Chastain, Penelope Cruz, Nicole Kidman, Rooney Mara, Helen Mirren, Julianne Moore, Lupita Nyong’o, Charlotte Rampling, Lea Seydoux, Uma Thurman, Alicia Vikander, Kate Winslet, Robin Wright, and Zhang Ziyi].
My fraternity brod Ato Ramos sent me his comment on my “The Rains of July” notes on July 4,2009. She had on board part of the troops and volunteers which were under the command of the Filipino Colonel Sr.
July 3, 1892 – La Liga Filipina was founded by Jose Rizal in Tondo, Manila.