There are several tenant units on base, including the 944th Fighter Wing, assigned to 10th Air Force and the Air Force Reserve.The 56th Fighter Wing also trains more than 700 maintenance technicians each year.
An integral part of Luke's F-16 fighter pilot training mission is the Barry M. The range consists of 1,900,000 acres (7,700 km) of airspace where pilots practice air-to-air maneuvers and engage simulated battlefield targets on the ground.
Roughly the size of Connecticut, the immense size of the complex allows for simultaneous training activities on nine air-to-ground and two air-to-air ranges.
Also, the private sector in Glendale has been helping to maintain the buffer of public land, and with it the Arizona defense economy.
This is because if encroachment impacts a site’s mission, it loses value for the military operation, and base closure is more likely to occur.
In 2004, more than 900 Luke airmen deployed, with most supporting Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Since June 2012, Luke AFB has been the permanent home of Naval Operational Support Center (NOSC) Phoenix of the US Navy.
The first class of 45 students, Class 41 F, arrived 6 June 1941 to begin advanced flight training in the AT-6, although a few essential buildings had been completed.
Flying out of Sky Harbor Airport until the Luke runways were ready, pilots received 10 weeks of instruction and the first class graduated 15 August 1941.
The host unit, the 56th Fighter Wing, is tasked to train F-35 and F-16 fighter pilots and maintainers.
Historically, the wing graduated more than 400 F-16 pilots and 470 crew chiefs annually.
On 16 July 2013, the Air Force announced that Luke AFB will house a total of 144 F-35A Lightning IIs.