The couple eventually pleaded guilty to violating the Virginia law.The Lovings' one-year sentences were suspended, but the plea bargain came with a price: The couple was ordered to leave the state and not return together for 25 years. They paid their court fees, relocated to Washington, D.
Kennedy wrote back and referred the Lovings to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), which accepted the couple’s case. "Almighty God created the races, white, black, yellow, malay and red, and he placed them on separate continents," presiding Judge Leon M. “And but for the interference with his arrangement there would be no cause for such marriages.
The fact that he separated the races shows that he did not intend for the races to mix." Cohen and Hirschkop took the Lovings' case to the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals.
By 1963, the Lovings decided they'd had enough, with Mildred woefully unhappy over living in the city and completely fed up when her son was hit by a car.
The Civil Rights Movement was blossoming into real change in America and, upon advice from her cousin, Mildred wrote Attorney General Robert Kennedy to ask for his assistance. Hirschkop unsuccessfully aimed to have the case vacated and the original ruling reversed via the judge who oversaw the conviction.
In the years following her high-profile court battle, Mildred Loving did her best to put the past behind her, refusing most interview requests to talk about the case and shying away from attention."What happened, we really didn't intend for it to happen," she said in a 1992 interview.
"What we wanted, we wanted to come home."An unofficial holiday celebrates Mildred and Richard's triumph and multiculturalism, called Loving Day, on June 12th.When that Virginia court upheld the original ruling, the case eventually went to the United States Supreme Court, with oral arguments held on April 10, 1967.The commonwealth of Virginia asserted that its ban on interracial marriages were in place to avoid a host of resulting sociological ills, and that the law was not in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment.After they were ordered to leave the state, Mildred wrote to then-Attorney General Robert Kennedy, who suggested she contact the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU).Following the case , the Supreme Court struck down the Virginia law in 1967, also ending the remaining ban on interracial marriages in other states.The Lovings' legal team argued that the state law ran counter to the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment because it forbade interracial couples to marry solely on the basis of their race.