Rock art in southern Africa can be analysed from two approaches (Eastwood, 2005), one that incorporates women issues within a framework of shamanism, and secondly one that treats it as outside the understanding shamanism. is the scientific study of chronological and environmental information contained in annual growth layers of trees. Avebury can be seen as central to the confluence of two rivers that align with sunrise and moonrise on summer quarter days. Danebury in its chalkland setting Introduction Hampshire sited on a hill some 465 feet above sea level.
Women shamans as medicine women propitiated the spirit world and practised the healing arts towards their own sex. it is therefore possible to measure the deviation of the ancient magnetic field from that of today and thus date the object. The annual growth of tree-rings varies in thickness from year to year depending on rainfall.
Medicine women were thus equal to the medicine man. A 12,000-year-old Shaman burial from the southern Levant. Similar thickness variations in all trees in a given region.
Reconstruction of a Mesolithic female shaman, 7000-6500 BCE, Bad Durrenberg. The method is not wholly accurate because of counting errors and contamination from background radiation.
The Ekven burial of a female shaman was found at Chukotka on the Russian side of the Bering Strait. Recurrent artefacts and examples of female shamanic practice are amulets, medicine bags, mirrors, and head-dresses shown by excavated regalia, as well as drums. For this reason all dates are quoted with a standard deviation(SD) of plus or minus so many years. For example a 50 mg human bone sample has its 25% collagen protein isolated.
Some 2000 years old it was the grave of an elderly woman with a wooden mask at her knees as well as other ritualistic and shamanic artefacts. Examples can be seen in southern Chile where female shamans of the Mapuche Nation use drums called . Drumming would be accompanied by chants and invocations as is shown by the Mexican Indian shamans. Carbonate is then removed to leave gelatine which is burnt to drive off Coe to derive graphite.
The Mesolithic interment at Bad Durrenberg occurred some 8,500 years ago. Carbon dioxide and liquid nitrogen then convert the CO.The mummified remains of a female shaman was from the 5th century BCE, and a kurgan of the Pazyryk Culture of ancient Altai. For example, pottery is crushed, fired rapidly, and then the luminescence emitted measured.Mummy of the Ukok princess Discovered and excavated in 1993 (Polosmak, 1994; 1997)) she has been dubbed the Siberian Ice Maiden. The result relates to the original firing and the clay crystal lattice.The interment represents the ritual burial of one of the oldest human spiritual figures. The emission of light is called thermoluminescence.The interment ritual and technique indicate a shamanic burial with especially placed animal bones, some 50 tortoise shells, the tail of a cow and the wing of an eagle. For example, in pottery or the clay lining of a kiln, the process of electron displacement begins when it is fired.Menomonee medicine woman As has been shown by both female shamans and medicine women in many times, climes and cultures “…it not infrequently happens that the female idea of the Shamanate prevails to such an extent that the most powerful shamans are women…” (Maddox, 1941). It is only usable with large surviving wood pieces, generally from waterlogged environments.